A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley
“The Upper Mississippi Valley is a resource-rich environment with a wealth of archaeological sites spanning the last 12,000 years. Twelve Millennia chronicles the intricate relationship between this bountiful setting and its generations of human inhabitants. The authors' careful scholarship and personal familiarity with place shine throughout.” —Lynn M. Alex, author of Iowa's Archaeological Past
The most common relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the Upper Mississippi River Valley may be the chipped stone projectile points that Native Americans fastened to the ends of their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. This useful guide provides a key to identifying the various styles of points found along the Upper Mississippi River in the Driftless region stretching roughly from Dubuque, Iowa, to Red Wing, Minnesota, but framed within a somewhat larger area extending from the Rock Island Rapids at the modern Moline-Rock Island area to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul.
Logging tens of thousands of miles and visiting private collectors from all walks of life since 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented thousands of projectile points found in this region. In addition to drawings of each style, he provides other accepted names as well as names of related points, age, distribution, a description (including length and width), material, and references for each type. The guide is meant for the many avocational archaeologists who collect projectile points in the Upper Midwest and will be a useful reference tool for professional field archaeologists as well.
Emphasizing the preservation of sites as well as a mutual exchange of information between professional and avocational archaeologists, this guide will reveal projectile points as clues to the past, time markers which embody crucial information about the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early inhabitants.
Site Recording Form
Point Features and Terminology
Early Paleo Fluted Spear Points:
Eastern Fluted (Gainey)
Late Paleo Lanceolate Points:
Early Archaic Stemmed and Corner-Notched Points:
Middle Archaic Stemmed and Side-Notched Points:
Late Archaic Stemmed and Corner-Notched Points:
Early Woodland Stemmed Points:
Waubesa Contracting Stem/Dickson Broad Blade
Middle Woodland Broad Corner-Notched Points:
Snyders Corner-Notched/Manker Corner-Notched
Steuben Expanded Stemmed/McCoy Corner-Notched/Monona Stemmed
Late Prehistoric Woodland and Oneota Arrowheads:
Honey Creek Corner-Notched